Background Image
Previous Page  54 / 60 Next Page
Basic version Information
Show Menu
Previous Page 54 / 60 Next Page
Page Background


Screening, monitoring and training of the passengers

(WP10 – Medical Aspects)


ISAE, formation SupAéro & UT3 Paul Sabatier – Toulouse

Commercial suborbital flight represents a

novel situation from a medical point of

view. There is no current data on the

human body’s behaviour on a flight profile

including acceleration, 3 to 5 minutes of

microgravity and deceleration with a peak

altitude of 100 km. Besides the regulatory





environment of a non-trained body with any

possible pathology are unknown. Yet, the

first commercial suborbital flights will

require a medical frame capable of

ensuring passengers safety as well as

good progress of their flight. Our aim is to

determine medical standards for flight

aptitude, and to design a training program

and monitoring strategies for pre-flight, in-

flight, and post-flight phases.

Our system survey conducted around the

passenger led to our identifying of the

actors within and outside of the cabin, and

the ways in which these interact with the

passenger. We thus quantified the

environmental conditions of suborbital


We then explained the regulatory

mechanisms of the human body toward

these conditions: general case, then

suborbital case, before evaluating them

during centrifuge experimentation. We

deduced from that recommendations to be

provided to spaceflight operators, related to

vehicle design and equipment to be carried

on board. Then, we determined which

pathologies would impair the regular

function of the regulatory mechanisms and

which pathologies would be aggravated by


Several companies offer training for

commercial suborbital flight. We analyzed

the elements thereof, both from the legal

point of view of emergency procedures,

and concerning familiarization with the

environmental conditions.

We then designed a pre-flight monitoring

program in which we suggest a template

for medical screening. Besides, we

evaluated the conditions of in-flight

monitoring: parameters to be monitored,

along with available equipment and

medical crew. We finally defined the

methods for post-flight monitoring.

No medical study will be definitive as long

as the first flights have not taken place.

Data from those flights will build up a

reliable database which will help determine

the validity of our conclusions and